Paper Work

Shop Drawings for Platforming

After completing the cut list, you’ll want to stack you various sizes of wood in the order that you will lay it out. This reduces the risk of using the wrong length on the wrong side. Notice that the only tools out are the ones that will be used in assembling our frames.  wdtools
 We’ve used a piece of Plywood as our layout table. Along two edges we’ve attached an edge to give a nice 90degree corner. This corner is the factory edge and is one of the few right angles, from the lumber yard, that you can trust.  laytjg1
 The two 3/4 ply blocks nailed to the table keep the frames in place while they are glued and stapled. We are using 3/4″ staples to hold down the 1/4″ Luan ply corner blocks. Note the Duo-Fast stapler. This stapler can drive up to a 1 1/2″ staple. Keep in mind that it’s the glue that gives the frame its strength. The staples hold the corner block down until the glue dries.  laytjg2








Paper Work

Lighting Board Notes


From Wikipedia:Principles of lighting 

There are many general principles to lighting a stage, although to allow for artistic effect, no hard and fast rules can ever be applied. The principles of lighting include:

  • Illumination: The simple ability to see what is occurring on stage. Any lighting design will be ineffective if the audience has to strain to see the characters; unless this is the explicit intent.
  • Revelation of form: Altering the perception of shapes onstage, particularly three-dimensional stage elements.


  • Focus: Directing the audience's attention to an area of the stage or distracting them from another.
  • Mood: Setting the tone of a scene. Harsh red light has a totally different effect than soft lavender light.
  • Location and time of day: Establishing or altering position in time and space. Blues can suggest night time while orange and red can suggest a sunrise or sunset. Use of gobos to project sky scene, moon etc
  • Projection/stage elements: Lighting may be used to project scenery or to act as scenery onstage.
  • Plot: A lighting event may trigger or advance the action onstage.
  • Selective visibility: Lighting may be used to show only the areas of the stage which the designer wants the audience to see.

Qualities of lighting

In the pursuit of these principles, the four main qualities or properties of interest are:

  • Intensity: Measured in both lux and lumens. For any given luminaire (lighting instrument or fixture), this depends upon the power of the lamp, the design of the instrument (and its corresponding efficiency), the presence or absence of color gels or gobos, distance from the area to be lit, the color and subtance to be lit, and the neuro-optics of the total scene (that is, the relative contrasts to other regions of illumination).

  • Color: Color temperature is measured in Kelvin, and gel colors are organized by several different systems maintained by the color manufacturing companies. The apparent color of a light is determined largely by the gel color given it, but also in part by the power level the lamp is being run at and the color of material it is to light. As the percentage of full power a lamp is being run at drops, the tungsten filament in the bulb glows orange instead of more nearly white. This is known as amber drift or amber shift. Thus a 1000-watt instrument at 50% will appear far more orange than a 500-watt instrument at full.
Paper Work


 When you draw a ground plan of the stage on a piece of plain paper, you are showing a representation of the stage. In most of our ground plans, we use 1/2″ scale. That is, each half inch of a line on our drawing equals a one foot line on the floor. For one of our 4’x8′ platforms, we would draw a rectangle at 2 inches by 4 inches. (2″x4″). A 2 inch line contains four 1/2″ parts. hence, in 1/2″ scale, 2 inches equals 4 feet. scalr3
 The same goes for any scale that we choose. 1/4″ scale means that our 4’x8′ platform would be 1 inch by 2 inches on our paper. 1″ scale, which is 1″ = 1’0″ (1″ on paper = 1’0″ on the stage floor) would give us a 4″x8″ rectangle on our paper. This sounds like it would be the easiest scale to use, next to full scale. Well, it is! Until you get to drawings that won’t fit on your paper.  scalrul
My drafting table in the shop is 3’x5′. That would be the largest  piece of paper that could fit. Now, we must take into account that the drafting arm doesn’t travel to the very edges and our drawing starts to get smaller. The usable space is approx. 2’6″x 4’0″. When was the last time you tried to get a piece of paper this size Xeroxed?  ltgtmplt
 The standard scale that we use is 1/2″=1’0″. You may find yourself needing to use 1/4″ scale when you have a lot of info to give and very limited paper size. Keep in mind that for details, you need to go bigger in your drawings. We tend to use 3″=1’0″ scale for some details and when exact detail is required, such as moldings, we will do a separate drawing in full, 1’0″=1’0″ scale.  tpmeas2
 Board notes about scale drawing.  scale_drafting


Paper Work

Drawing Lines

Horizontal Lines

The simplest is the T-Square. Remember that straight edge I mentioned about the drawing board? Well, here's where it comes in. You take the "T" of the T-Square and hold it against the straight edge of the board. You can slide the T-Square up and down the edge and draw as many straight lines you wish. Here's the best part; every one of these lines will be parallel!

The next option is a parallel ruler attached to the drawing board. The picture to the right is of a portable board with the ruler. The ruler is held in place with small cables and pulleys. These allow the ruler to move up and down. Very cool. These come in various sizes. You can also get the ruler in a kit and attach it to any drawing board.

Vertical Lines
If only all our lines would run in one direction. But alas, we need to draw a lot of rectangles. Platforms, flats, doors, windows, lots of rectangles. All of our vertical lines would want to be perpendicular to our horizontal lines. That is, a 90 Degree angle. But you knew that, I know. Just making sure.

A triangle is the best choice. These two triangles both have a 90 degree angle. But they are different. The one on the left is a 30-60-90 degree and the other is a 45-90 degree. Having both can give you all the degrees of the compass, but at 15 degree increments.



Paper Work

Paper Work

We have lots of drawings we need to create. From the designer's ground plans to the technical director's construction drawings. All of it needs to be clear and complete. If you don't draw it, it won't show up on stage. But, be careful. If you do draw it, it will show up. Avoid doodling in the corner of your plans!